The name Breda descends from a contraction of the Breda (wide) Aa. This is the place where two rivers, the Mark and the Aa, flow together. in the year 1252 Breda obtained its municipal rights, and at the beginning of the 14th century Breda was walled in. Also, in the 14th century the city was surrounded by mouts, so-called 'singels'. Around the city, you can still find them. All the streets surrounding the city were laid in an oval shape, which is a noticeable sign for old fortified cities. Ancestors of the Dutch royal family, The Nassaus, gave Breda the grandeur of a royal residence.
Places to visit:
Grote Kerk - The Big church
In the city centre, there are a lot of monuments. but there is one particular that makes Breda recognisable from a great distance and that is 'De Grote' or 'Onze Lieve Vrouwe Kerk'. This beautiful church from the 15th century can be admired from almost every point in Breda
Kasteel van Breda - Castle of Breda
The castle of Breda shows the historical relationship between Breda and the House of Oranje Nassau, the ancestors of the Dutch royal family. in 1198 the castle was a fortress. During the centuries many changes have been made to the castle. Since 1928 the Royal Military Academy (KMA) has the castle in use. You can visit the castle only during conducted tours (Tourist Office).
The so-called 'Spanjaardsgat' flanked by two heptagonal towers reminds visitors of the time Breda was in hands of the Spaniards
Next to the Castle of Breda, you will find the city park 'Valkenberg'. Until 1812 this park was part of the castle and only accessible for the 'Heren van Breda'.
Begijnhof - Beguinage
In the city centre, you will find the peaceful Beguinage, built in 1537. Until 1990 the court was inhabited by beguines, unmarried women who lived, devoted to God, together within a safe secluded space. The statue in the garden still reminds of them (a replica of this statue is for sale at the Tourist Office). The herb garden is known for its hundreds of different herbs.